History of Computers
The 1960's were years of unrest in America over the Vietnam War. We saw the start of the hippie movement. It was a time of awakening, a time of rethinking old methods, and the computer was becoming a part of this new world.
1960 Common Business Oriented Language (COBOL) was developed by a team drawn from several computer manufacturers and the Pentagon.
1964 Thomas Kurtz and John Kemeny created BASIC, an easy-to-learn programming language, for their students at Dartmouth College
1965 Digital Equipment Corp. introduced the PDP-8, the first commercially successful minicomputer
1966 Hewlett-Packard entered the general purpose computer business with its HP-2115 for computation, offering a computational power formerly found only in much larger computers.
1968 The Apollo Guidance Computer made its debut orbiting the Earth on Apollo 7.
1969 AT&T Bell Laboratories programmers Kenneth Thompson and Dennis Ritchie developed the UNIX operating system on a spare DEC minicomputer.
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