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The 1990's,


1990: Motorola introduces the 68040 microprocessor.

1990: IBM announces its RISC Station 6000 family of high performance workstations.

1990: Digital Equipment introduces a fault-tolerant VAX computer.

1990: Cray Research unveils an entry-level supercomputer, the Y-MP2E, with a starting price of $2.2M.

1990: Microsoft introduces Windows 3.0.

1990: Lotus wins its look and feel suit against Paperback Software's spreadsheet program.

1990: IBM ships the PS/1, a computer for consumers and home offices.

1990: IBM announces the System 390 (code name Summit), its mainframe computer for the 1990s.

1990: Microsoft's fiscal year revenue ending 6/30/90 exceeds $1B.

1990: NCR abandons its proprietary mainframes in favor of systems based on single or multiple Intel 486 and successor microprocessors.

1990: Apple introduces its low-end Macintoshes: The Classic, LC and IISI.

1990: Intel launches a parallel supercomputer using over 500 860 RISC microprocessors.

1990: Sun Microsystems brings out the SPARCstation 2.

1990: Microsoft along with IBM, Tandy, AT&T and others announced hardware and software specifications for multimedia platforms.

1990: The first SPARC compatible workstations are introduced.

1991: Go Corp. releases PenPoint, an operating system for pen-based computers.

1991: Advanced Micro Devices announces its AMD 386 microprocessor to compete with Intel's 386 chips.

1991: Notebook PCs are introduced by most PC vendors.

1991: HP unveils its RISC-based 9000 Series 700 workstations with exceptional price-performance.

1991: Compaq leads a group of 21 companies to launch the Advanced Computing Environment (ACE) to establish a new standard for high-end PCs and workstations.

1991: The Federal Trade Commission launches an investigation into Microsoft's business practices.

1991: Intel introduces the 486SX, a lower priced 486 chip.

1991: NCR agrees to be acquired by AT&T in a deal valued at $7.4B.

1991: Apple releases the System 7.0 operating system for Macintosh.

1991: Wang will resell IBM's PS/2, RS/6000 and minicomputers. IBM will invest $100M in Wang.

1991: Microsoft rolls out DOS 5.0 with great success.

1991: Major changes among PC dealers as ComputerLand acquires Nynex's computer stores, CompuCom acquires Computer Factory, ValCom and Inacomp merge, JWP buys Businessland and Intelligent Electronics acquires BizMart.

1991: Borland buys Ashton-Tate for $440M.

1991: SunSoft, a Sun Microsystems subsidiary, announces Solaris which is a UNIX operating system for SPARC workstations and 386/486 PCs.

1991:- The Bell companies receive permission to enter the on-line information services market.

1991: Apple and IBM sign a historic deal--including two joint ventures: Kaleida will develop multimedia products, Taligent will develop object-oriented operating software.

1991: Apple rolls out its PowerBook notebook and Quadra Macintosh PCs.

1991: Wavetracer introduces its Zephyr massively parallel computer system with up to 8192 processors.

1991: IBM reorganizes itself into more autonomous business units and several divisions become wholly-owned subsidiaries.

1991: AT&T/NCR agrees to acquire Teradata for $520M.

1991: Many major computer companies have quarterly or full-year loses including Compaq, DEC, IBM, Lotus and Unisys, primarily due to work force reduction costs.

1991: The first general purpose pen-based notebook computers are introduced.

1991: IBM has its first revenue decline in 45 years.

1992: IBM invests $100M in Groupe Bull.

1992: Silicon Graphics buys Mips Computer in a $400M stock swap.

1992: IBM releases OS/2 Version 2.0 and ships over 1M units.

1992: Microsoft introduces Windows 3.1 and ships nearly 10M units.

1992: The core of Apple's lawsuit versus Microsoft Windows is dismissed.

1992: Sun Microsystems launches a new generation of SPARC computers--the SPARCstation 10 family.

1992: Compaq announces several new lines of PCs and becomes a price trend setter. Its low-price strategy is very successful.

1992: Ken Olsen resigns from Digital Equipment after 25 years at the helm.

1992: Sears and IBM forms a new venture, named Advantis, to compete in the value added network service market.

1992: Wang Laboratories files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

1992: IBM makes the IBM PC Co. a subsidiary.

1992: IBM follows Compaq's strategy and introduces aggressively priced PCs--also with good success.

1992: Compaq enters the Japanese market with aggressively priced PCs--as much as 50% lower than Japanese PC prices.

1992: Digital Equipment announces its next generation computer architecture--the RISC-based Alpha.

1992: Microsoft introduces Windows for Workgroup.

1992: Intel says its next microprocessor will be called Pentium instead of 586.

1992: Hewlett-Packard ships the LaserJet 4, a 600 by 600 dots per inch resolution laser printer.

1992: Novell to acquire UNIX Systems Laboratory, including Univel, from AT&T for $350M.

1993: IBM reports its worst year in history with a loss of $4.97B on revenues of $64.5B.

1993: IBM chairman John Akers resigns and after the most executive search publicity ever, Louis Gerstner becomes the new chairman & CEO.

1993: General Magic, an Apple spin-off, debuts Telescripts, a communications-intensive operating system for PDAs.

1993: Next sells its hardware business to Canon and will concentrate its effort on the Nextstep software business.

1993: Novell unveils NetWare 4.0.

1993: IBM introduces the F series of the AS/400.

1993: Lotus announces Notes 3.0.

1993: Motorola start shipping the first PowerPC microprocessor.

1993: IBM's storage division, Adstar, becomes a subsidiary.

1993: - Microsoft unveils Windows NT.

1993: Pentium-based systems start shipping.

1993: EPA's Energy Star Initiative is unveiled and most PC vendors support the program with announcements of energy efficient PCs.

1993: Apple ships the Newton MessagePad--its first Personal Digital Assistant.

1993: AT&T announces it will acquire McCaw Cellular for $12.6B.

1993: Compaq introduces the Presario, a PC family targeted for the home market.

1993: FTC ends its probe of Microsoft without any actions, but the Antitrust Division of the Department of Justice will launch its investigation.

1994: John Sculley leaves Apple after 10 years at the helm.

1993: Microsoft outlines the Plug and Play and Microsoft at Work (MAW) initiatives.

1993: IBM debuts its first workstations based on the PowerPC chip.

1993: Novell transfer the UNIX trademark to X/Open and X/Open will certify that an operating system is UNIX compliant.

1993: IBM announces OS/2 for Windows, which upgrades the Windows environment to OS/2.

1993: Sun Microsystems license NextStep and makes a $10M investment in Next.

1993: IBM say it will sell its Federal Systems division ($2.2B in yearly revenue) to Loral for $1.6B.

1994: Apple enters the on-line service market by announcing eWorld.

1994: HP becomes a Taligent partner and buys 15% from Apple and IBM.

1994: MCI invests $1.3B in Nextel Communications, a wireless service provider.

1994: Macintoshes using the PowerPC start shipping.

1994: Intel introduces the 486DX4 clock-tripling microprocessor

1994: Aldus and Adobe agree to merge in a transaction worth $525M and will form a $0.5B+ software company.

1994: Novell says it will acquire WordPerfect for $1.14B and will buy Borland's Quattro Pro for $145M.


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